History Of Biodiesel Fuel
Much earlier, in 1853 scientists E. Duffy and J. Patrick, conducted the transesterification of a vegetable. This was many years before the first diesel engine even became serviceable. According to the history of biodiesel fuel, Rudolf Diesel's prime model ran on its own power for the first time in Germany in 1893. To honor and remember this event, August 10 has been announced "International Biodiesel Day".
Looking into the origin of biodiesel fuel, the earlier engines worked so smoothly on earth-nut or pea-nut oil that only a few people were aware of it. These engines were then worked on vegetable oil without making any alterations. The French Government at the time was toying with the idea of testing the applicability to power production of the Arachide, or earth-nut. Diesel himself was supportive of the idea as he had conducted related tests. He believed that in course of time the use of vegetable oils for engine fuels will become very significant. Read on to know more about biodiesel fuel history.
Despite the extensive use of petroleum-derived diesel fuels, several countries during the 1930s and during World War II started showing curiosity in vegetable oils as fuels for internal combustion engines. The history of biodiesel fuel reflects that countries like Belgium, Portugal, France, Italy, Brazil, United Kingdom, Germany, Japan, Argentina, and China were reported to have tested and used vegetable oils as diesel fuels during this time. Although there were initial operational problems due to the high viscosity of vegetable oils as compared to petroleum diesel fuel.
In 1937, G. Chavanne in Belgium was granted a patent for a "Procedure for the transformation of vegetable oils for their uses as fuels" Belgian Patent 422,877. This patent described the alcoholysis of vegetable oils using ethanol. This probably is the first account of the production of what is known as "biodiesel" today in the biodiesel fuel history.
In the recent times, Brazilian scientist Expedito Parente carried out the first industrial process for the production of biodiesel successfully. Conferred as a "standardized identity and quality, this process is classified as biodiesel by international norms. At present, Parente's company Tecbio is operational with Boeing and NASA to officially state bioquerosene or bio-kerosene, another product produced and patented by the Brazilian scientist. The history of biodiesel fuel sure has seen a long course of time.
Researching transesterified sunflower oil and using it and refining it to diesel fuel standards, was first started in South Africa in 1979. By 1983, the procedure for manufacturing fuel-quality, engine-tested biodiesel was finished and published internationally. An Austrian company, Gaskoks, after buying the technology from the South African Agricultural Engineers, put up the first biodiesel pilot plant in 1987 in the history of biodiesel fuel.
The last decades have seen many new plants opening in many European countries in the biodiesel fuel history, for example: Czech Republic, Germany and Sweden. Experiments with 50% biodiesel fuel are underway. Countries in other parts of the world also witnessed the local production of biodiesel starting up. Today there are 21 countries with commercial biodiesel projects. In 2005 Minnesota in the U.S. became the first state to make it mandatory foe all diesel fuel sold in the state to contain a content of at least 2% biodiesel.